Half a Year after ‘Blocking.’ Overview of the Month

This month, the President signed the law on foundations of cybersecurity aimed to create a national system of protection from cyber threats. Also, in the investigated period there were incidents related to safety of activists and arrests of users for anti-Ukrainian propaganda on the web.

Expert Survey on Digital Rights in Ukraine

In almost half a year after the President’s ‘sanction’ Decree #133/2017 was signed on May 17, 2017 we conducted an expert survey aimed to measure the government’s policy to Internet governance and digital rights of users.

The results of the survey have shown that the expert community does not take a definite position on evaluating the Decree. 48.3% of the respondents think of this decision ‘extremely positively’ or ‘more positively’, whereas 40.2% evaluate it ‘extremely negatively’ or ‘more negatively’.

According to the Decree, mobile operators and Internet providers limited access to a number of Russian websites (VK.com, Yandex.ru, OK.ru, Mail.ru).

Was the decision of the President of Ukraine strategically right or wrong? A majority of the respondents (56.2%) said that limiting access to a number of Russian websites was a ‘strategically right’ decision of the government. However, about a third of experts (26.8%) said that this decision was ‘strategically wrong’.

The absolute majority of the respondents (83%) think that in the future Ukrainians are likely to use the above mentioned Russian Internet resources less. At the same time, only 41% of the respondents the Decree rather as effective.

Did the scope of Russian propaganda in Ukraine decrease? Does the government involve civil society enough into development of policy on cybersecurity? Are Ukrainians less likely to use the Russian services in the future?

Find out the answers to these and the other questions in our article based on the expert poll HERE.

How will the Internet be regulated in Ukraine?

What to expect? After the Revolution of Dignity, draft laws that may impact the state of Internet freedom in Ukraine turn up more and more often on Verkhovna Rada’s agenda. Which of them are currently on the agenda? What are their threats and perspectives? Read in our ANALYTICS in English

How are the rights of users regulated? Why the lack of systematic approach to digital rights from the state is the main characteristic of Internet regulation in Ukraine, in our legislation analysis HERE in English

72 criminal proceedings of “anti-Ukraine” propaganda cases registered in 2015-2017. As the Security Service of Ukraine reported, during 2015-2017 years there were 72 criminal proceedings registered, more than 60 people sentenced for “anti-Ukraine” propaganda on “VK.com” and “OK.ru.” See DETAILS in English

What changed after half a year of sanctions against the Russian websites? What losses did blocking incur on Russian IT companies and how the attendance statistics for banned websites changed, read in the article published as part of Free Internet project HERE

Internet Freedom rating. International human rights organization Freedom House published the annual report on Internet freedom for 2017, at the same time with summing up the first half a year after introducing sanctions against Russian social networks and Internet services in Ukraine. Ukraine’s rating has decreased considerably. This year’s drop is the biggest since 2012, when the observations of Internet freedom in Ukraine first began. DETAILS

Cyber sphere regulated by legislation. President Petro Poroshenko signed the law On Foundations of Ensuring Cyber Security of Ukraine that was approved by Verkhovna Rada on October 5, 2017. How will Ukraine protect itself from cyber threats? READ HERE

Informational psychological operations in peacetime. Draft law 7272 which may allow military units to do special reconnaissance and carry out military informational psychological operations in the peacetime was registered in the Verkhovna Rada. MORE

Safety on the Internet

Are we responsible for what we write on the Internet? How law enforcement agencies in Ukraine interpret Internet space and how to tell the difference between expressing one’s personal dissatisfaction and calling to overthrow the constitutional power or violent change of the regime, read HERE

How are experts on cyber security taught? Out of 900 young Ukrainian IT professionals, only 10 choose to specialize in cyber security. This situation may be caused by our education system. MORE

Post-truth as a trend. Why journalists should refrain from clickbait (using different methods such as sensational titles etc. to increase the ‘clickability’ of the article) and ‘chupacabra’, read HERE

Twitter banned RT and Sputnik advertising. The statement made by the company explains that it resorted to such measures based on the conclusions of American intelligence services that both news agencies aimed to influence the US presidential election in 2016 through social networks. MORE

Russia and Crimea. Starting November 1, the law is enacted that provides for anonymizers, VPN, and search engines to filter traffic and search requests. DETAILS

In the previous overview, we discussed whether Ukraine would have a cyber security system. The overview is available here.

The overview has been written by NGO “Internews Ukraine” as part of implementing the project Internet Freedom in Ukraine: Supporting the Principles of Freedom of Speech and Security in the Time of Conflict.”

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